A facelift does not prevent ageing but diminishes a few years of ageing. Facelifts have during the latest decade become one of the most widespread aesthetical surgeries.
It is in the face, more than any other part of the body, that signs of ageing become most visible. Factors that directly or indirectly influence or accelerate this process are among others: age, hereditary reasons, sun exposure, alcohol, smoking, diet and stress. A facelift can change the effects of these processes.
The natural ageing process results in the skin losing its elasticity and parts of the musculature become slack. This applies to the face and neck which loses its vitality and becomes more wrinkled. Therefore, the so called, rejuvenation surgeries, involve different parts of the face.
Forehead, cheeks, neck and eyelids
These surgeries can be undergone alone or in combination. There is no predetermined age for when facial surgery should be done. However, it is to your advantage to not let the ageing process go too far. In their 50’s-60’s many men and women become bothered by sagging around the jaw line, which is one of the main reasons for becoming interested in a facelift.
The facelifts that are performed by our specialist have a very positive effect on sagging around the jaw line. A facelift rejuvenates the area below the eyes and the deep furrows from the side of the nose down towards the corners of the mouth. One achieves a younger look. However, the fine lines around the mouth are not affected.
Different surgical techniques for facelifts
There are several different surgical techniques which can be used when performing a facelift. Our specialists often perform a so called, deep facelift. The abundance of variation when it comes to surgical techniques all depends on what you as a patient wish to achieve.
Preparations prior to a facelift
When you consult one of our plastic surgeons we carefully examine your state of health and discuss your individual requirements for a facelift. During the consultations we take our time and listen to your expectations surrounding the procedure. When undergoing a facelift certain preventive measures must be taken into consideration, for instance, smoking must cease two weeks prior to surgery, since smoking negatively affects the blood circulation which can lead to reduced healing ability.
Surgical procedure – facelift
A facelift is generally performed under general anaesthetic or in some cases local anaesthetic in combination with relaxative substances. The treatment begins with an incision from the temple, then down in front of the ear, around the ear lobe and back into the hair line on the neck. Excess skin is removed and the skin is smoothed out, the surgery takes between 2-3 hours.
Most of our patients that undergo a facelift stay at the clinic for the first day, under the observation of an intensive care nurse. After surgery you will wear a bandage up until the fifth day. Facial swelling and moderate pain can lead you to feel slightly tired. For the first week after a facial surgery one should stay still. The first sutures are removed after approximately one week and the remaining after approx. 2 weeks. Bruising and swelling generally disappears after a few weeks. Around a week after surgery one can go outside, that is to say, grocery shopping etc. One will often feel stiff around the face for approx. four weeks after surgery, around the incisions feeling will be reduced for sometime.
During the healing process the feeling of stinging and pricking around the scar can occur. This is because the new nerve fibres are especially sensitive in the beginning, particularly in regards to weather and wind. The facial skin and scars should not be exposed to extreme sun for the first months, in most patients the scars in front of the ears are very discreet and almost unnoticeable within a few months after surgery.
Risks and complications with facelifts
Complications from facelifts are fortunately unusual. Blood circulation in the outer layer of the skin is impaired for sometime after the procedure, it is therefore important to refrain from smoking for the first two to three weeks after surgery. The nerves that control facial expressions can become “irritated” due to the swelling after surgery and therefore result in these functions being temporarily impaired.
Results of facelifts
Before and after footage of facelifts generally show a remarkable difference towards a younger and healthy appearance. The goal is to achieve a natural result and not an extremely tightened or expressionless face.